Poster (15A193)

An analysis of FMS scores in an inter county Gaelic football team

Author(s)

Fintan Whelan1, Bernie McGowan2, Bryan Whelan2, Carmel Silke2

Department(s)/Institutions

Dept of Life Sciences, Sligo IT The North Western Rheumatology Unit, Our Lady’s Hospital, Manorhamilton, Co Leitrim.

Introduction

The functional movement screening (FMS) instrument developed by Cook et al [1] serves as a useful means of screening and evaluating functional movement of an athlete.

Aims/Background

The FMS procedure consists of seven tests each designed to place the participant in extreme positions where weaknesses and imbalances become apparent if appropriate stability and mobility is not utilised.

Method

The identification of poor motor control and right to left asymmetries allows the identification of potential injury and provides the athlete with information on how to increase mobility or stability in the required areas [1] An FMS score of < 14 increases an athlete’s risk of injury eleven fold during the playing season [2-5]. All players on a senior Gaelic inter county panel were invited to attend for FMS tests, at the beginning of the season. Players were excluded from the tests if they had a current injury.

Results

In total 23 of the inter county Gaelic footballers were included in the study, mean age 25.21 (±SD 3.27), mean FMS score 14.96 (±SD 1.46). In total 7 (30%) of the panel had an FMS score of >14. Defenders had the highest mean FMS score of 15.5(± 0.83), and midfielders had the lowest mean FMS score of 14.25(± 0.95), When compared to the FMS score of eight other athletic groups, the mean FMS score of the present study cohort was amongst the lowest identified. 

Conclusions

If risk factors for injury occurrence can be identified and addressed utilizing the FMS at the beginning of a playing season in elite gaelic footballers, then decreases in injuries and improved performance should follow.

References

Cook, G., Burton, L. and Hoogenboom, B. (2006). Pre-Participation Screening: The Use of Fundamental Movements as an Assessment of Function – Part 1. N Am J Sports Phys Ther, 1(2), p62-72. [online] Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2953313/ [Accessed 22 Apr. 2015].

Kiesel, K., Plisky, P. and Butler, R. (2011). Functional movement test scores improve following a standardized off-season intervention program in professional football players. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 21(2), pp.287-292.

Chorba, R.S, Chorba, D.J, Bouillon, L.E, Overmyer, C.A & Landis, J.A. (2010). Use of a Functional Movement Screening Tool to Determine Injury Risk in Female Collegiate Athletes. north america journal of sports physiotherapy. 5 (2), p 47-54. [online] http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2953387// [accessed 21/04/2015]

O’Connor, F., Deuster, P., Davis, J., Pappas, C. and Knapik, J. (2011). Functional Movement Screening: predicting injuries in officer candidates. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, [online] 43(12), pp.2224-2230. Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21606876 [Accessed 22 Apr. 2015].

Garrison, M., Westrick, R., Johnson, M. and Benenson, J. (2015). ASSOCIATION BETWEEN THE FUNCTIONAL MOVEMENT SCREEN AND INJURY DEVELOPMENT IN COLLEGE ATHLETES. Int J Sports Phys Ther,10(1), pp.21- 28. [online] Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4325284/ [Accessed 22 Apr. 2015].